As a component of the exhibition, A Chicken in Every Pot and Affordable Art in Every Home, group curated by Dr. Slipp’s Spring 2021 Museum Studies class, student were assigned two prints each. They researched the artworks and wrote catalogue entries and labels for adults and children. Sticking to a tight word count, students produced different kinds of writing for different audiences.
The texts below were authored by AUM student Taylor Echols
Umberto Romano (American, 1905-1984)
Frightened Horses, 1948
Lithograph, 9.25 x 13.75 inches
Label for Adults – Lithography is a printing process in which the artist first draws the design onto a limestone slab with an oil-based crayon. Then he brushes gum arabic and mild acid onto the stone so it can absorb water and repel ink, which is then applied on the stone. Finally, he covers the stone with paper and runs it through a press, which transfers the image onto the paper.
Label for Kids – Frightened Horses displays two horses rearing in the air while two men try to handle them with harnesses. Where do you think the men and the horses might be?
Catalogue entry – Romano Umberto was born in 1905 in Bracigliano, in the province of Salerno, Italy. He and his family later immigrated to the United States where he began painting at age nine. His early works earned him acceptance in New York’s National Academy of Design. Umberto also won the Academy’s Pulitzer Traveling Scholarship which allowed him to travel and study around Europe.
Romano Umberto was an expressionist artist who worked during World War II and the Post-War era in oil painting and lithography. He excelled in drawing, printmaking, sculpture, painting, and taught art until his death in 1984.
Throughout his career, he received many awards and prizes for his artworks, which are included in the collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, Harvard Art Museum, the Frick Collection, the Corcoran Gallery, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Umberto was commissioned to create prints for Associated American Artists (AAA), including “Frightened Horses.”
“About Umberto.” http://www.urromanoart.com/about-umberto
“Umberto Romano.” Cape Ann Museum, http://www.capeannmuseum.org/collections/artists/umberto-romano/
Stanley Kaplan (American, 1925-2015)
Home Run, 1972
Etching, 11.75 x 9 inches
Label for Adults – In Home Run, Stanley Kaplan merges three batters together by incising them with an etching needle onto a metal plate. Once done, the artist dipped the plate in acid in order to hold the ink, which is then applied. Finally, the artist transfers the plate onto the paper to create the finished print showing a batter coming up to the plate.
Label for Kids – Home Run depicts four baseball players or batters: one on the right and three merging together on the left, each holding a baseball bat. Why do you think the artist merged the three batters together?
Catalogue entry – Stanley Kaplan was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1925. After graduating from the High School of Music and Art, he served two years in the army during World War II. Upon his return, Kaplan studied science at New York University in 1952, and art at Cooper Union and Pratt Institute School of Art. Later, Kaplan taught art at Nassau Community College and Nassau County Public School in New York. Kaplan was also a wood carver and a writer for artist books. In 1978, he created the Public Tortoise Press which published eight artist books.
One of his artworks, Home Run was issued by Associated American Artists (AAA) in 1972. Kaplan’s artworks, including prints, received many awards and are in the collections of these institutions: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Brooklyn Museum of Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, New York Public Library, Newark Public Library, and the British Museum.
“About Stanley Kaplan.” The Old Print Shop, The Old Print Gallery, oldprintshop.com/artists
“Artist: Stan Kaplan.” IFPDA, 2009, http://www.ifpda.org/artist/1187